Franklin Mint Model # B11184 P-40N Burma Banshee India 1943 Feb 28, 2017 4:46:02 GMT ACpilot, highnoon1966, and 1 more like this
Post by kyushuj7w on Feb 28, 2017 4:46:02 GMT
Producer Franklin Mint
P-40N Warhawk - Burma Banshee - 89th FS, 80th FG, 'Joanne', Chittagong, India, 1943
Franklin Mint stopped producing many years ago. While initially the aircraft were dumped in sales through hobby shops around the world, they have become scarce & command astonishing prices. Even the P-40's with the pointy spinner that many find unacceptable is still in great demand.
I was able to make contact with FM a few years ago. Their only comment was they no longer have control of the molds so you can read into this what you will. They indicated they might be interested in getting back in, if there was enough interest in a 10,000 plane run with the potential of 1000 to 1500 livery breaks to max sales potential and get the most out of the mold. I think it unlikely to ever happen.
One 1200 hp Allison V-1710-81 twelve-cylinder liquid-cooled engine.
Weights were 6200 pounds empty, 8350 pounds loaded, 11,400 pounds maximum.
Dimensions were wingspan 37 feet 4 inches,
Length 33 feet 4 inches,
Height 10 feet 7 inches,
Wing area 236 square feet.
Maximum speed 208 mph at 5000 feet, 325 mph at 10,000 feet, 343 mph at 15,000 feet.
Maximum climb rate was 2120 feet per minute at 5000 feet, 2230 feet per minute at 10,000 feet. An altitude of 10,00 feet could be attained in 4.7 minutes, 20,000 feet in 8.8 minutes.
Service ceiling was 31,000 feet.
Range was 750 miles at 10,000 feet (clean). With one 62.4 Imp gal drop tank, range was 1080 miles.
Guns: 6 × .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns
Bombs: 250 to 1,000 lb (110 to 450 kg) bombs to a total of 2,000 lb (907 kg) on three hardpoints
P-40N Warhawk, Kittyhawk IV
By the summer of 1943, the performance of the P-40 Warhawk was leaving much to be desired, especially in comparison to the later types such as the P-38, P-47, and P-51 which were beginning to come into service. The P-40N version (company designation Model 87V, 87W) was introduced at this time in an effort to improve the capabilities of the basic design and thus avoid interrupting Curtiss production lines by having the company introduce an entirely new type. The first 1500 examples of this new Warhawk line were to have been delivered as P-40Ps powered by Merlin engines, but shortages of the Packard-built Merlin caused this order to be cancelled and the P-40N with the 1200 hp Allison V-1710-81 engine to be substituted in its place.
The P-40N featured a stretched rear fuselage to counter the torque of the larger, late-war Allison engine. A new lightweight structure was introduced, two of the six wing-mounted guns were removed, smaller and lighter undercarriage wheels were installed, head armor was reintroduced, and aluminum radiators and oil coolers were installed.
The resulting reduction in the weight, along with the use of the same V-1710-81 engine as used in the P-40M, made the P-40N the fastest of the P-40 series, reaching a speed of 378 mph at 10,500 feet. The service ceiling was 38,000 feet. An altitude of 15,000 feet could be attained in 6.7 minutes.
The P-40N-5-CU variant introduced a modified cockpit canopy with a frameless sliding hood and a deeper, squared-off rectangular aft transparent section to improve the rearward view[/b]. This cockpit canopy was retained for all the rest of the production blocks of the N version. The N-5 version restored the full six-gun wing armament, since pilots had complained that four guns were insufficient. Underwing racks were fitted for bombs or drop tanks, increasing external stores capacity to 1500 pounds. The new heavier gross weight of 8350 pounds limited top speed to 350 mph at 16,400 feet and service ceiling to 31,000 feet. An altitude of 14,000 feet could be attained in 7.3 minutes. Range was 340 miles with a 500-pound bomb underneath the fuselage. Three drop tanks promised a ferry range of up to 3100 miles at 198 mph.
Even though by 1943 standards the Warhawk was rapidly becoming obsolescent, the P-40N became the version that was most widely built. The last production Warhawk was a P-40N-40-CU which left the assembly line on November 30, 1944, being the 13,739th P-40 built with 5220 examples of the N rolling off the Curtiss lines before production finally ceased.
Many of the P-40Ns were shipped to Allied air forces under Lend-Lease, and comprised the majority of the 2097 P-40s sent to the USSR, but they were not very popular with the Russians, who considered them incapable of absorbing as much battle damage as the P-39 Airacobra. Most of their operational flying took place in the Pacific in fighter-bomber or escort roles flown by RAF, RAAF, and RNZAF pilots. In USAAF service, the P-40N was relegated largely to training roles, as later types such as the P-51 Mustang or the P-47 Thunderbolt became increasingly available in quantity. Every ally flew them from Australia; Brazil; Canada; China; Egypt; Finland; France; Indonesia ; Netherlands; New Zealand; Poland; South Africa; Soviet Union; Turkey; United Kingdom; United States, Japan (captured ones over Burma)
The P-40N was known as Kittyhawk IV in RAF service. Kittyhawk IVs were primarily operated in the South-West Pacific campaigns as low-altitude fighter and ground attack aircraft. They were progressively replaced by Mustangs and Spitfires during the last year of the war, but the Kittyhawks continued to serve with RAAF Squadrons 75, 78, and 80 until the end of hostilities.
DATA COURTESY OF Joseph Baugher P40 PAGES.
Burma Banshees, "Angels on our Wings," the call of death to the enemy
The 80th Fighter Group of the 10th Army Air Force (AAF) had a motto, "Angels on our Wings," because its primary mission was to escort and conduct combat air patrols for transports "Over the Hump" in WWII. But the group's nickname, the "Burma Banshees," sent a message to its Japanese enemies in the China-Burma-India Theater that when they heard the wailing sound of a Banshee's machine, death and destruction were coming their way.
In early 1943 the 80th FG, training in the US, was ready for combat. Originally, the group trained on P-47s because it thought it was going to Europe. It then received orders for India and had to train in the P-40. The group shipped out in May 1943, bound for India by way of Brazil, the Cape of Good Hope, and Ceylon. Once there, the group deployed to bases in the Assam Valley in India, just outside northern Burma.
The group's 88th and 90th Fighter Squadrons (FS) arrived at Karachi, India on June 28, 1943 with P40s. The 89th FS arrived at Karachi with P-40s on the next day. The official mission of the 80th Fighter Group was quickly extended to include offensive strikes in northern Burma to prevent the establishment of enemy bases from which Allied airlift planes might be attacked. The group launched several attacks on Myitkyina Airdrome, the only all-weather strip in northern Burma, and the principal Japanese base for the defense of Burma from the north. The group also struck targets in the Huwang Valley of northern Burma to protect allied engineers building the Ledo Road.
Japanese opposition was not the only enemy. In the dense jungles temperatures sometimes soared to 140° and the humidity hovered near 100 percent. Crews worked amidst swarms of beetles, flies, and gnats. At night, sleeping required the use of mosquito netting. Supplies came by ship from half way around the world and were nearly impossible to obtain. Finally, disease and fungi claimed more troops than opposing enemy fire.
The first AAF fighter squadron to this theater, during the two years it fought (1943-1945), it launched 18,873 planes on 4,719 missions, destroyed more than 200 bridges and destroyed 80 enemy planes in the air or on the ground. It received the Distinguished Unit Citation for a most remarkable defense of a critical Indian oil refinery. This fighter group kept the supply lines open to China and helped Allied bombers and ground troops defeat a Japanese onslaught that at one point in this war seemed unstoppable. Like so many other Americans in this war, the Banshees made a difference, stepping up to defend freedom, putting their lives on the line for a cause. The 80th continued to support the Allied Forces on their way south to Katha, Bhamo, and finally Rangoon, clearing out pockets of encircled Japanese troops.
The P-40s were phased out in February of 1945 and replaced by P-47s to give a longer range, altitude, and fire power required for longer missions. In July of 1945, the 80th was recalled back to India as the war in China was winding down. They returned to the U.S.A. in October of 1945 and deactivated on November 3d of 1945.
Gerald Wergin of Wausau, Wisconsin, became an Army Air Force (AAF) fighter pilot at the age of 19.
He was assigned to the 90th Fighter Squadron (FS), 80th Fighter Group (FG), 10th Air Force (AF) in the China-Burma-India theater of war, known as the CBI of WWII. He named his P-40 "Miss Beverly."
"(The enemy would) throw everything they had at us from 75 mm flak to small arms fire (during the dive bombing or skip bombing runs). They would even throw mortar fire at us at times...At first we flew missions in the Assam Valley in northeast India in close ground support for Merrill's Marauders until they cleared an air strip in Burma. From then on we operated entirely from bases in Burma ... The jungle was so dense that the Japs could hide an entire motor pool, but we would be able to spot the target through the surrounding terrain shown on the 'recon' pictures ... Those eight 50 calibre machine guns mounted on the P-47s are really effective. When we would peel off on the barges we could see the Japs going overboard and swimming around after the vessels were sunk ... The trains usually moved at night, but occasionally we would find one on the move in the day-time or being made up. They were pressed for locomotives and used diesel units interspersed throughout the trains. As we could not see the power units in the trains we would strafe the entire length of the string of cars and stop them that way ... Sometimes we would find pro-Japanese Burmese using elephants to move supplies for the enemy and strafe them. The elephants would really go to pieces when hit by 50 calibre fire."
Gerald was deeply affected by the war, often flying sufficiently low that he could literally see the faces of the people he was strafing or bombing. As with most Americans who fought the Japanese, Lt. and then Captain Wergin had great contempt for his Japanese enemy, and did his job bravely, courageously, and well. He flew 156 combat missions, compiled more than 500 combat hours of flying, and was one of the lucky ones to return home, after which time he built a successful construction business back in Wausau, helping to build the nation for which he risked his life.
The 88th Fighter Squadron 's emblem for the 80th FG was approved on April 18, 1943. The black and white segments of the border represent the turbine wheel of a turbo-supercharger. The four lightning bolts in cross represent the 4 bladed propeller of the P-47. The quatrefoil was added to provide symmetry to the design and contrast to the propeller. Initially constituted as a P-47 Squadron, the 88th trained in this aircraft from June 1942 until April, 1943 when it was learned that it was to be assigned to the Far East and not Europe as expected. At this time the squadron transitioned from the P-47 "Thunderbolt" to the P-40 "Tomahawk".
Lieutenant Freeling Clower designed the distinctive squadron patch still used today by the 89th Fighter Training Squadron; the skull and ace of spades symbolized death in the sky for the opponents, while the clouds and the thunderbolts were for the P-47 "Thunderbolt", the highest flying fighter of its time. In February of 1943, orders came through for the Far East instead of Europe as previously expected, so the 89th moved to Richmond, Virginia to train in the Curtiss P-40 "Tomahawk".
The 90th Fighter Squadron's emblem was approved on January 19, 1945. The black and white bear swinging a left uppercut showed the fighting spirit of the squadron during a time of intense combat against the Japanese. The stars represent the strength of America and the power of its attacks against the Japanese.
Data on the 80th FG and Gerald Wergin courtesy of Edward Marek Talking Proud Veterans website.
P40-E still looking for the N version.